On 3 October 2023, the U.S. Embassy in Panama City issued a Demonstration Alert, which reads in part as follows: “Mass protests related to the Minera Panama mining contract are expected this week in Panama City and other locations in the country. Protesters are currently gathering and planning to march from Iglesia del Carmen to the National Assembly in Panama City. This may disrupt the commutes of downtown residents. For tomorrow, October 3rd, major unions are calling for disruptions in Panama City which could result in several major street closures. On Thursday, October 5th, there is a possibility of further protests in conjunction with a complaint being filed against Minera Panama at the Attorney General’s Office. While most demonstrations are non-violent, the Panamanian National Police have used tear gas and/or riot control munitions in response to demonstrations, particularly when roadways are blocked, or aggression is used against the police.”