On 8 June 2024, Israel Defense Forces (IDF) conducted a heavy air and ground military operation at a refugee camp in central Nuseirat in the Gaza Strip, resulting in a gunbattle with Hamas militants. Four Israeli hostages taken to Gaza during the October 2023 attacks on Israel were rescued during the military operation. IDF estimated that less than 100 people died during the operation. Gaza officials disputed the death toll, claiming more than 270 people were killed in the raid.