On the morning of 18 January 2024, the Pakistani military conducted airstrikes near the border city of Saravan – located in Iran’s Sistan-Baluchestan province – targeting what they claimed were suspected terrorist hideouts in the city. Pakistani officials stated the strikes were prompted by intelligence concerning a large-scale impending terrorist attack. According to Iranian media, at least nine individuals were killed in the attack – including several foreign nationals. The strikes come amid heightened tensions between the two countries following a 16 January attack by the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), targeting two bases of the Sunni militant group Jaish al-Adl in the mountains of Pakistan’s Balochistan province.