On 15 May 2024, authorities extended a nightly curfew in the French territory of New Caledonia until 0600 local time on 16 May due to escalating violence triggered by the constitutional amendment on voter eligibility. La Tontouta International Airport (NWWW/NOU), New Caledonia’s main airport, remains closed, along with schools and businesses throughout the territory. Residents have reportedly taken up arms to protect their homes, as looting and rioting have largely continued for a second consecutive day. Reports indicate that at least three people were killed and hundreds of police officers were injured during the violence overnight on 14-15 May in Nouméa, the capital, and elsewhere in New Caledonia. Police officers have so far arrested at least 130 people. Approximately 700 police officers and 1,000 gendarmes are being deployed across New Caledonia to aid local police.

The continued unrest follows the 14 May ratification of constitutional changes by the French National Assembly that allows French citizens who have lived in New Caledonia for more than 10 years to vote in local elections. President Emmanuel Macron has requested that representatives from New Caledonia travel to Paris to discuss the amendments and come to an agreement acceptable to both pro-independence and anti-independence groups in the territory. A final vote in a special session of both chambers of the French parliament has yet to occur, which is expected to take place in June 2024. Macron is considering an emergency declaration for the territory and is expected to discuss the decree during a meeting with his Cabinet.