Security measures remain heightened in the capital N’Djamena on 29 February 2024, following an attack on the National Security Agency (ANSE) headquarters that the government blamed on the main opposition Socialist Party Without Borders (PSF). Military personnel have set up barricades on routes near the presidential office, as well as near the PSF headquarters in the Klemat neighborhood. There have been reports of continued telephone and mobile internet service disruptions. Following the 27-28 February overnight assault on the ANSE office, soldiers launched a security operation to apprehend PSF leader Yaya Dillo — a cousin of current President Mahamat Idriss Déby. According to Chad’s communications minister, Dillo refused to surrender and was killed in a gunbattle with security personnel in the PSF headquarters. In the lead-up to his killing, Dillo refuted any involvement in the assault on the ANSE building and claimed the government had staged the attack. The general secretary of the PSF stated that opposition party members were attacked outside the ANSE building overnight on 27-28 February when they tried to retrieve the body of their comrade, who was shot and killed earlier the same day. The deceased PSF member was accused of attempting to assassinate the president of the Supreme Court.

Analyst Comment: These events follow a declaration made by the country’s electoral agency that the presidential election will take place on 6 May, followed by a second round on 22 June. Yaya Dillo was a vocal critic of President Mahamat Idriss Déby and was expected to contest the upcoming election against his cousin.