On 8 August 2023, the Chilean Congress approved a 15-day extension to the current state of emergency in effect for the Southern Macrozone due to the persistence of violence perpetrated by Mapuche separatist groups. During the state of emergency, Chilean military personnel will remain in the La Araucanía and the Biobío regions to support local law enforcement in maintaining public security. Prior to the latest extension, on 2 August separatists reportedly set fire to a rural health post and a church in the Traiguén commune, located in the La Araucanía region. The state of emergency, initially declared by President Gabriel Boric in May 2022, has since been continually extended.