On 22 May 2023, President Gustavo Petro announced a suspension of a ceasefire agreement between the government and the Estado Mayor Central (EMC) group — an offshoot of the now-disbanded Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) — after the dissident group reportedly killed four indigenous people near the border between the departments of Amazonas and Caquetá. The killings occurred after the victims resisted forced recruitment into the group. Petro also stated that security operations against EMC will resume in the provinces of Caquetá, Guaviare, Meta and Putumayo — the group’s stronghold — over the next 72 hours. In response, the armed group threatened to wage a brutal war against the government. The truce had been in effect for six months.