On 17 May 2022, militias allied with parliament-appointed Prime Minister Fathi Bashaga clashed with allied militias supporting Abdul-Hamid Dbeibah, the prime minister of the internationally recognized Government of National Accord (GNA). The fighting occurred as Bashaga arrived in Tripoli and attempted to take control of the government, but Dbeibah refused to cede power. Following the fighting, Bashaga was forced to leave Tripoli and will likely run his government from the city of Sirte.

Analyst Comment: Elections that were scheduled to take place in December 2021 failed to occur due to political infighting. With two rival governments and neither able to fully secure control of the country, Libya is likely headed for a long period of political deadlock.