On 2 October 2023, the U.N. Security Council approved a resolution authorizing the deployment of a multinational security assistance force to aid the Haitian National Police curtail gang violence, reestablish security, and organize elections. The multinational force — expected to be led by Kenya and supported by contingents from other Caribbean nations — will also collaborate with local security forces to protect critical infrastructure such as airports, ports and key intersections and highway, which have been subject to gang activity. Though no date has been set for the deployment of the force, the resolution approves a 12-month long deployment. The resolution further notes that all operations will have the approval of the U.N. Security Council; however, they will not be identified as U.N. operations. The U.N. Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTHA), the last deployment of U.N. peacekeeping personnel in Haiti, lasted from 2004-2017.